Dr. Frank Fish's Publications and Media Appearances


  1. Fish, F. E. 1979. Thermoregulation in the muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus): The use of regional heterothermia . Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 64A(3): 391-397.
  2. Fish, F. E. 1982. Aerobic energetics of surface swimming in the muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus). Physiological Zoology 55(2): 180-189.
  3. Fish, F. E. 1982. Function of the compressed tail of surface swimming muskrats (Ondatra zibethicus). Journal of Mammalogy 63(4): 591-597.
  4. Fish, F. E. 1983. Metabolic effects of swimming velocity and water temperature in the muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 75A(3): 397-400.
  5. Fish, F. E. 1984. Mechanics, power output, and efficiency of the swimming muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus). Journal of Experimental Biology 110: 183-201.
  6. Fish, F. E. 1984. Kinematics of undulatory swimming in the American alligator. Copeia 1984(4): 839-843.
  7. Fish, F. E. and L. A. Cosgrove. 1987. Behavioral thermoregulation of small American alligators in water: Postural changes in relation to the thermal environment. Copeia 1987(3): 804-807.
  8. Fish, F. E. 1987. Kinematics and power output of jet propulsion by the frogfish genus Antennarius(Lophiiformes: Antennariidae). Copeia 1987(4): 1046-1048.
  9. Fish, F. E., Innes, S. and Ronald, K. 1988. Kinematics and estimated thrust production of swimming harp and ringed seals. Journal of Experimental Biology 137: 157-173.
  10. Fish, F. E. 1990. Wing design and scaling of flying fish with regard to flight performance. Journal of Zoology, London 221(3): 391-403.
  11. Fish, F. E., Blood, B. R. and Clark, B. D.. 1991. Hydrodynamics of the feet of fish-catching bats: Influence of the water surface on drag and hydrodynamic design. Journal of Experimental Zoology 258: 164-173.
  12. Fish, F. E. and Stein, B. R. 1991. Functional correlates of differences in bone density among terrestrial and aquatic genera in the family Mustelidae (Mammalia). Zoomorphology 110(6): 339-345.
  13. Fish, F. E., Fegely, J. F. and Xanthopoulos, C. J. 1991. Burst-and-coast swimming in schooling fish (Notemigonus crysoleucas) with implications for energy economy. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A 100A(3): 633-637.
  14. Fish, F. E. and Hui, C. A. 1991. Dolphin swimming: A review. Mammal Review 21: 181-196.
  15. Fish, F. E. 1992. On a fin and a prayer. Scholars 3: 4-7.
  16. Fish, F. E. 1992. Aquatic locomotion. Pp. 34-63, In: Mammalian Energetics: Interdisciplinary Views of Metabolism and Reproduction (T. Tomasi and T. Horton, eds.). Cornell University Press, Ithaca , 276 pp.
  17. Fish, F. E. 1993. Comparison of swimming kinematics between terrestrial and semiaquatic opossums. Journal of Mammalogy 74(2): 275-284.
  18. Fish, F. E. 1993. Bone as a spring. The American Biology Teacher 55(8): 495-496.
  19. Fish, F. E. 1993. Power output and propulsive efficiency of swimming bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Journal of Experimental Biology 185: 179-193.
  20. Fish, F. E. 1993. Influence of hydrodynamic design and propulsive mode on mammalian swimming energetics. Australian Journal of Zoology 42: 79-101.
  21. Fish, F. E. 1994. Leviathan locomotion. Natural History 103: 4 (Letter).
  22. Fish, F. E. 1994. Energy conservation by formation movement: Metabolic evidence from ducklings. Pp. 193-204, In: Mechanics and Physiology of Animal Swimming (Q. Bone, L. Maddock and J. M. V. Rayner). (Proceedings of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom/Society for Experimental Biology Symposium, Plymouth, April 1991.) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  23. Clark, B. D. and Fish, F. E. 1994. Scaling of the locomotory apparatus and paddling rhythm in swimming mallard ducklings (Anas platyrhynchos): Test of a resonance model. Journal of Experimental Zoology 270: 245-254.
  24. Fish, F. E. 1994. Association of propulsive mode with behavior by swimming river otters (Lutra canadensis). Journal of Mammalogy, 75(4): 989-997.
  25. Aigeldinger, T. L. and Fish, F. E. 1995. Hydroplaning by ducklings: Overcoming limitations to swimming at the water surface. Journal of Experimental Biology 198: 1567-1574.
  26. Fish, F. E. and Battle, J. M. 1995. Hydrodynamic design of the humpback whale flipper. Journal of Morphology 225: 51-60.
  27. Fish, F. E. 1995. Kinematics of ducklings swimming in formation: Energetic consequences of position. Journal of Experimental Zoology 272: 1-11.
  28. Fish, F. E. 1995. Diatoms to Dinosaurs: The Size and Scale of Living Things. The Quarterly Review of Biology 70(4): 502 (Book Review).
  29. Fish, F. E. 1996. Measurement of swimming kinematics in small terrestrial mammals. Pp. 171-188, In: Measuring Movement and Locomotion: From Invertebrate to Humans, Neuroscience Intelligence Unit Series (K.-P. Ossenkopp, M. Kavaliers, and P. R. Sanberg). Springer, New York.
  30. Fish, F. E. 1996. Transitions from drag-based to lift-based propulsion in mammalian aquatic swimming. American Zoologist, 36(5): 628-641.
  31. Brainerd, E. L., Page, B. N. and Fish, F. E. 1997. Opercular jetting during fast starts by flatfishes: Adhesion attenuation or jet propulsion? Journal of Experimental Biology 200: 1179-1188.
  32. Fish, F. E., Baudinette, R. V., Frappell, P. and M. Sarre. 1997. Energetics of swimming by the platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus): Metabolic effort associated with rowing. Journal of Experimental Biology 200: 2647-2652.
  33. Fish. F. E. 1997. Biological designs for enhanced maneuverability: Analysis of marine mammal performance. Tenth International Symposium on Unmanned Untethered Submersible Technology: Proceedings of the Special Session on Bio-Engineering Research Related to Autonomous Underwater Vehicles. Pp. 109-117
  34. Thewissen, J. G. M. and Fish, F. E. 1997. Locomotor evolution in the earliest cetaceans: Functional model, modern analogues, and paleontological evidence. Paleobiology 23(4): 482-490.
  35. Rohr, J., Hendricks, E., Quigley, L., Fish, F., Gilpatrick, J. and Scardino-Ludwig, J. 1998. Observations of dolphin swimming speed and Strouhal number. SPAWARS System Center Technical Report 1769, San Diego, CA.
  36. Fish, F. E. 1998. Imaginative solutions by marine organisms for drag reduction. Pp. 443-450. in: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Seawater Drag Reduction, (J. C. S. Meng), Newport, Rhode Island.
  37. Fish, F. E. 1998. Comparative kinematics and hydrodynamics of odontocete cetaceans: Morphological and ecological correlates with swimming performance. Journal of Experimental Biology, 201(20): 2867-2877.
  38. Fish, F. E. 1998. Biomechanical perspective on the origin of cetacean flukes. Pp. 303-324. in: The Emergence of Whales: Evolutionary Patterns in the Origin of Cetacea, (J. G. M. Thewissen), Plenum Press, New York.
  39. Fish, F. E. and Baudinette, R. V. 1999. Energetics of locomotion by the Australian water rat (Hydromys chrysogaster): Comparison of swimming and running in a semiaquatic mammal. Journal of Experimental Biology 202(4): 353-363.
  40. Fish, F. E. 1999. Energetics of swimming and flying in formation. Comments on Theoretical Biology 5: 283-304.
  41. Fish, F. E. 1999. Performance constraints on the maneuverability of flexible and rigid biological systems. Pp. 394-406. In: Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Unmanned Untethered Submersible Technology. Autonomous Undersea Systems Institute, Durham New Hampshire.
  42. Fish, F. E. and Rohr, J. 1999. Review of dolphin hydrodynamics and swimming performance. SPAWARS System Center Technical Report 1801, San Diego, CA.
  43. Fish, F. E. and Shannahan, L. D. 2000. The role of the pectoral fins in body trim of sharks. Journal of Fish Biology 56(5): 1062-1073.
  44. Fish, F. E. 2000. Review of natural underwater modes of propulsion. Defense Advanced Research Proposal Agency Report.
  45. Fish, F. E. 2000. Limits of nature and advances of technology: What does biomimetics have to offer? Pp. 3-12. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Aqua Bio-Mechanisms/ International Seminar on Aqua Bio-Mechanisms (N. Kato and Y. Suzuki), Tokai University Pacific Center, Honolulu, Hawaii.
  46. Fish, F. E., Peacock, J. E. and Rohr, J. 2000. Phase relationships between body components of odontocete cetaceans in relation to stability and propulsive mechanisms. Pp. 57-60. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Aqua Bio-Mechanisms/ International Seminar on Aqua Bio-Mechanisms (N. Kato and Y. Suzuki), Tokai University Pacific Center, Honolulu, Hawaii.
  47. Fish, F. E. 2000. Swimming in fish. In: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Macmillan, London. www.els.net
  48. Fish, F. E. 2000. Biomechanics and energetics in aquatic and semiaquatic mammals: platypus to whale. Water, Land and Air: Unifying Principles in Locomotion, 5th International Congress of Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry, Calgary, 1999. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 73(6): 683-698.
  49. Fish, F. E., Frappell, P. B, Baudinette, R. V., and MacFarlane, P. M. 2001. Energetics of terrestrial locomotion of the platypus Ornithorhynchus anatinus. Journal of Experimental Biology 204(4): 797-803.
  50. Fish, F. E. 2001. Mechanism for evolutionary transition in swimming mode by mammals. Pp. 261-287. In: Secondary Adaptation of Tetrapods to Life in Water, (J-M Mazin, P. Vignaud, and V. de Buffrenil). Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, Munchen.
  51. Watts, P. and Fish, F. E. 2001. The influence of passive, leading edge tubercles on wing performance. In: Proceedings of the Twelfth International Symposium on Unmanned Untethered Submersible Technology. Autonomous Undersea Systems Institute, Durham New Hampshire.
  52. Fish, F. E. 2002. Speed. Pp. 1161-1163. In: Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. (W. F. Perrin, B. Wursig, and J. G. M. Thewissen), Academic Press, San Diego.
  53. Fish, F. E. 2002. Streamlining (Morphology). Pp. 1197-1201. In: Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. (W. F. Perrin, B. Wursig, and J. G. M. Thewissen), Academic Press, San Diego.
  54. Rohr, J. J., Fish, F. E., and Gilpatrick, J. W. 2002. Maximum swim speeds of captive and free ranging delphinids: critical analysis of extraordinary performance. Marine Mammal Science 18(1): 1-19.
  55. Fish, F. E. 2002. Balancing requirements for stability and maneuverability in cetaceans. Integrative and Comparative Biology 42(1): 85-93.
  56. Fish, F. E., Smelstoys, J., Baudinette, R. V. and Reynolds, P. S. 2002. Fur doesn't fly, it floats: buoyancy of hair in semi-aquatic mammals. Aquatic Mammals 28.2: 103-112.
  57. Fish, F. E. 2002. Platypus: The Extraordinary Story of How a Curious Creature Baffled the World. The Quarterly Review of Biology 77(3): 310 (Book Review).
  58. Watts, P. and Fish, F. E. 2002. US Patent No. 6,431,498 - Scalloped wing leading edge (8/13/2002).
  59. Fish, F. E., Hurley, J., and Costa, D. P. 2003. Maneuverability by the sea lion, Zalophus californianus: Turning performance of an unstable body design. Journal of Experimental Biology 206(4): 667-674.
  60. Fish, F. E. 2003. The shark has sharp turns. Natural History 112(1): 13 (Letter).
  61. Fish, F. E., Lauder, G. V., Mittal, R., Triantafyllou, M. S., Walker, J. A., and Webb, P. W. 2003. Biology-Inspired Maneuvering Hydrodynamics for AUV Application. Office of Naval Research Report.
  62. Fish, F. E. and Nicastro, A. J. 2003. Aquatic turning performance by the whirligig beetle: constraints on maneuverability by a rigid biological system. Journal of Experimental Biology 206 (10): 1649-1656.
  63. Fish, F. E., Peacock, J. E., and Rohr, J. J. 2003. Stabilization mechanism in swimming odontocete cetaceans by phased movements. Marine Mammal Science 19(3): 515-528.
  64. Fish, F. E., Lauder, G. V., Mittal, R., Techet, A. H., Triantafyllou, M. S., Walker, J. A., and Webb, P. W. 2003. Conceptual design for the construction of a biorobotic AUV based on biological hydrodynamics. In: Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Unmanned Untethered Submersible Technology. Autonomous Undersea Systems Institute, Durham New Hampshire.
  65. Fish, F. E. 2003. Analysis of the hydrodynamic design of non-piscine control surfaces with particular interest in cetacean flukes. In: Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Unmanned Untethered Submersible Technology. Autonomous Undersea Systems Institute, Durham New Hampshire.
  66. Fish, F. E. 2004. Actively animated animals. Review of book Animal Locomotion. Journal of Experimental Biology 207(4): 568-569.
  67. Miklosovic, D. S., Murray, M. M., Howle, L. E., and Fish, F. E. 2004. Leading edge tubercles delay stall on humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) flippers. Physics of Fluids 16(5): L39-L42.
  68. Rohr, J. J. and Fish, F. E. 2004. Strouhal numbers and optimization of swimming by odontocete cetaceans. Journal of Experimental Biology 207(10): 1633-1642.
  69. Maresh, J. L., Fish, F. E., Nowacek, D. P., Nowacek, S. M. and Wells, R. S. 2004. High performance turning capabilities during foraging by bottlenose dolphins. Marine Mammal Science 20(3): 498-509.
  70. Fish, F. E. 2004. Structure and mechanics of nonpiscine control surfaces. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering 28(3): 605-621.
  71. Fish, F. E. 2004. A bumpy ride for humpbacks. JMBA Global Marine Environment, November(1): 6.
  72. Fish, F. E. 2005. A porpoise for power. Journal of Experimental Biology 208(6): 977-978.
  73. Fish, F. E. 2005. An Egg-ceptionally Egg-celent Egg-periment: Testing the influence of morphological design. SICB Digital Library, http://sicb.org/dl/biomechanicsdetails.php3?id=30.
  74. Murray, M. M., Fish, F. E., Howle, L. E. and Miklosovic, D. S. 2005. Stall delay by leading edge tubercles on humpback whale flipper at various sweep angles. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Unmanned Untethered Submersible Technology. Autonomous Undersea Systems Institute, Durham New Hampshire.
  75. Fish, F. E. and Lauder, G. V. 2006. Passive and active flow control by swimming fishes and mammals. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics 38: 193-224.
  76. Fish, F. E., Nicastro, A. J. and Weihs, D. 2006. Dynamics of the aerial maneuvers of spinner dolphins. Journal of Experimental Biology 209: 590-598.
  77. Fish, F. E. 2006. The myth and reality of Gray's paradox: implication of dolphin drag reduction for technology. Bioinspiration and Biomimetics 1: R17-R25.
  78. Fish, F. E. 2006. Limits of nature and advances of technology: What does biomimetics have to offer to aquatic robots? Applied Bionics and Biomechanics 3(1): 49-60.
  79. Woodward, B. L., Winn, J. P. and Fish, F. E. 2006. Morphological specialization of baleen whales according to ecological niche. Journal of Morphology 267: 1284-1294.
  80. Fish, F. E. 2006. Diversity, mechanics and performance of natural aquatic propulsors. Pp. 57-87. In: Flow Phenomena in Nature: A Challenge to Engineering Design, Vol. 1 (R. Liebe). Wessex Institute of Technology, Southampton, UK.
  81. Mohseni, K., Mittal, R. and Fish, F. E. 2006. Preface: Special issue featuring selected papers from the Mini-Symposium on Biomimetic & Bio-inspired Propulsion (Boulder, CO, USA, 26 June 2006). Bioinspiration and Biomimetics 1(4).
  82. Fish, F. E., Nusbaum, M. K., Beneski, J. T. and Ketten, D. R. 2006. Passive cambering and flexible propulsors: cetacean flukes. Bioinspiration and Biomimetics 1: S42-S48.
  83. Rohr, J. and Fish, F. 2006. Strouhal number and optimization of swimming by odontocete cetaceans. Pp. 175-178. In: SSC San Diego Biennial Review.
  84. Fish, F. E., Beneski, J. T. and Ketten, D. R. 2007. Examination of the three-dimensional geometry of cetacean flukes using computed tomgraphy scans: Hydrodynmaic implications. The Anatomical Record 290: 614-623.
  85. Weihs, D., Fish, F. E. and Nicastro, A. J. 2007. Mechanics of dolphin spinning for remora removal. Marine Mammal Science 23(3): 707-714.
  86. Fish, F. E. 2007. Marine Mammals: Evolutionary Biology, 2nd Edition. Animal Biology 57(1): 115-116.
  87. Kojeszewski, T. and Fish, F. E. 2007. Swimming kinematics of the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris): Hydrodynamic analysis of an undulatory mammalian swimmer. Journal of Experimental Biology 210: 2411-2418.
  88. Fish, F. E., Bostic, S. A., Nicastro, A. J. and Beneski, J. T. 2007. Death roll of the alligator: mechanics of twist feeding in water. Journal of Experimental Biology 210: 2811-2818.
  89. Cooper, L. N., Sedano, N., Johansson, S., May, B., Brown, J. D., Holliday, C. M., Kot, B. W. and Fish, F. E. 2008. Hydrodynamic performance of the minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) flipper. Journal of Experimental Biology 211: 1859-1867.
  90. Legac, P., Wei, T. Fish, F., Williams, T., Mark, R. and Hutchison, S. 2008. Digital particle image velocimetry of mammalian swimming. Physics of Fluids 20: 091105.
  91. Fish, F. E., Howle, L. E. and Murray, M. M. 2008. Hydrodynamic flow control in marine mammals. Integrative and Comparative Biology 211: 1859-1867.
  92. Fish. F. E. and Baudinette, R. V. 2008. Energetics of swimming in the domesticated ferret (Mustela putorius): Consequences of forelimb paddling. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 150: 136-143.
  93. Von Loebbecke, A. Fish, F. E., Mark, R. and Mittal, R. 2009. A comparison of the kinematics dolphin kick in humans and cetaceans. Human Movement Science 28: 99-112.
  94. Fish, F. E. 2009. Streamlining. In: Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, 2nd Edition. (W. F. Perrin, B. Würsig, and J. G. M. Thewissen, eds.), Academic Press, San Diego.
  95. Von Loebbecke, A. Mittal, R., Fish, F. E. and Mark, R. 2009. Propulsive efficiency of underwater dolphin kick in humans. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 131: 054504-1—4.
  96. Coughlin, B. L. and Fish, F. E. 2009. Underwater locomotion of the hippopotamus: reduced gravity movements for a massive mammal. Journal of Mammalogy 90(3): 675-679.
  97. Weber, P. W., Howle, L. E., Murray, M. M. and Fish, F. E. 2009. Lift and drag performance of odontocete cetacean flippers. Journal of Experimental Biology 212: 2149-2158.
  98. Fish, F. E. 2009. Biomimetics: Determining engineering opportunities from nature. Proceedings SPIE Conference, SPIE Vol. 7401, 740109.
  99. Weber, P. W., Murray, M. M., Howle, L. E., and Fish, F. E. 2009. Comparison of real and idealized cetacean flippers. Bioinspiration and Biomimetics 4: 046001.
  100. Fish, F. E. 2010. Swimming strategies for energy economy. Pp. 90-122. In: Fish Swimming: An Etho-ecological Perspective, (P. Domenici, and B. G. Kapoor, eds.). Science Publishers, Enfield, NH.
  101. Ginter, C. C., Fish, F. E. and Marshall, C. D. 2010. Morphological analysis of the bumpy profile of phocid vibrissae. Marine Mammal Science 26(3): 733-743.
  102. Fish, F. E. 2010. Mechanics of flapping in natural oscillatory propulsive systems: aquatic locomotion by manta rays and dolphins with biomimetic application. Proceedings of the US National Congress on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics - Symposium on the Mechanics and Locomotion in Fluids, the Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA.
  103. Ginter, C. C., Böttger,S. A. and Fish, F. E. 2011. Morphology and microanatomy of harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) dorsal fin tubercles. Journal of Morphology 272: 27-33.
  104. Fontanella, J. E., Fish, F. E., Rybczynski, N., Nweeia, M. T. and Ketten, D. R. 2011. Three-dimensional geometry of the narwhal (Monodon monoceros) flukes in relation to hydrodynamics. Marine Mammal Science (DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2010.00439.x).
  105. Parson, J., Fish, F. E., and Nicastro, A. J. 2011. Turning performance in batoid rays: Limitations of a rigid body. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 402: 12-18. (doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2011.03.010)
  106. Fish, F. E., Weber, P. W. Murray, M. M. and Howle, L. E. 2011. The humpback whale’s flipper: Application of bio-inspired tubercle technology. Integrative and Comparative Biology (doi: 10.1093/icb/icr016).
  107. Fish, F. E. and Kocak, D. M. 2011. Biomimetics and marine technology: An introduction. Marine Technology Society Journal, special issue Biomimetics in Ocean Engineering 45(4): 8-13.
  108. Moored, K. W., Fish, F. E., Kemp, T. H. and Bart-Smith, H. 2011. Batoid fishes: inspiration for the next generation of underwater robots. Marine Technology Society Journal 45(4): 99-109.
  109. Fish, F. E., Weber, P. W. Murray, M. M. and Howle, L. E. 2011. Marine applications of the biomimetic humpback whale flipper. Marine Technology Society Journal 45(4): 198-207.
  110. Fish, F. E., Haj-Hariri, H., Smits, A. J., Bart-Smith, H. and Iwasaki, T. 2012. Biomimetic swimmer inspired by the manta ray, Chapter 17. In: Biomimetics: Nature-Based Innovation (Y. Bar-Cohen). CRC Press, Boca Rotan, FL, pp. 495-523.
  111. Pugliese, M. C., Böttger, S. A. and Fish, F. E. 2012. Barnacle bonding: Morphology of attachment of Xenobalanus globicipitis to its host Tursiops truncatus. Journal of Morphology 273:453-459 (DOI: 10.1002/jmor.20006).
  112. Timm, L. L. and Fish, F. E. 2012. A comparative morphological study of the olfactory cavities of sharks inhabiting benthic and pelagic environments. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 414-415: 75-84.
  113. Ginter, C. C., DeWitt, T. J., Fish, F. E. and Marshall, C. D. 2012. Fused traditional and geometric morphometrics demonstrate pinniped whisker diversity. PloS ONE 7(4): e34481. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0034481.
  114. Fish, F. E. 2012. Book Review: Darwin’s Devices: What Evolving Robots Can Teach Us about the History of Life. John Long. Integrative and Comparative Biology 52(4): 546-547.
  115. Fish, F. and Lauder, G. 2013. Not just going with the flow. American Scientist 101(2): 114-123.
  116. Fontanella, J. E., Fish, F. E., Barchi, E. I., Campbell-Malone, R., Nichols, R. H., DiNenno, N. K. and Beneski, J. T. 2013. Two- and three-dimensional geometries of batoids in relation to locomotor mode. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 446: 273-281.
  117. Fish, F. E., Goetz, K. T., Rugh, D. J. and Brattström, L. V. 2013. Hydrodynamic patterns associated with echelon formation swimming by feeding bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus). Marine Mammal Science 29(4): E498-E507.
  118. Fish, F. E. 2013. Advantages of natural propulsive systems. Marine Technology Society Journal 47(5): 37-44.
  119. Liu, X., Iwasaki, T. and Fish, F. 2013. Dynamic modeling and gait analysis of batoid swimming. American Control Conference (ACC), IEEE Control Systems Magazine. Pp. 566-571.
  120. Dewar, S. W., Watts, P. and Fish, F. E. US Patent No. 8,535,008 B2 – Turbine and compressor employing tubercle leading edge rotor design (9/17/2013).
  121. Fish, F. E., Legac, P., Williams, T. M. and Wei T. 2014. Measurement of hydrodynamic force generation by swimming dolphins using bubble DPIV. Journal of Experimental Biology 217(2): 252-260.
  122. Fish, F. E. and Beneski, J. T. 2014. Evolution and bio-inspired design: Natural limitations. In Biologically inspired design: Computational methods and tools. Pp. 287-312, (A. Goel, D. A. McAdams and R. B. Stone, eds.). Springer-Verlag, London.
  123. Weber, P. W., Howle, L. E., Murray, M. M., Reidenberg, J. S. and Fish, F. E. 2014. Hydrodynamic performance of the flippers of large-bodied cetaceans in relation to locomotor ecology. Marine Mammal Science 30(2): 413-432.
  124. Fish, F. E. 2014. Limitations on swimming speed: How can natural technologies be utilized? Proceedings of the XIIth International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming Pp. 20-26, Canberra, Australia.
  125. Garrett, J. K. and Fish, F. E. 2014. Kinematics of terrestrial locomotion in harbor seals and grey seals: Importance of spinal flexion by amphibious phocids. Marine Mammal Science DOI: 10.1111/mms.12170.
  126. Fish, F. 2014. Freediving and biomimetic propulsion. Deeper Blue, November 11.
  127. Fish, F. E. 2015. Estimation of shape of the sea lion for hydrodynamic analysis. Response to 'Cambered profile of a California sea lion's body'. Journal of Experimental Biology 218: 1271-1272.
  128. Gough, W. T., Farina, S. C. and Fish, F. E. 2015. Aquatic burst locomotion by hydroplaning and running in common eiders (Somateria mollissima). Journal of Experimental Biology 218: 1632-1638.
  129. Ginter Summarell, C. C., Ingole, S., Fish, F. E. and Marshall, C. D. 2015. Comparative analysis of the flexural stiffness of pinnipeds vibrissae. PLOS ONE DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0127941.
  130. Fish, F. E. and Domenici, P. 2015. Introduction to the symposium-Unsteady aquatic locomotion with respect to eco-design and mechanics. Integrative and Comparative Biology doi: 10.1093/icb/icv039.
  131. Fish, F. E. and Hoffman, J L. 2015. Stability design and response to waves by batoids. Integrative and Comparative Biology pp. 1-14, doi:10.1093/icb/icv059.
  132. Russo, R. S., Blemker, S. S., Fish, F. E. and Bart-Smith, H. Biomechanical model of batoid skeletal structure and kinematics: implications of bio-inspired design. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics 10: 046002.
  133. Fish, F. E. 2015. Flow dynamics of whale tubercles. De Physicus 26(2): 22-24.
  134. Timm-Davis, L.L. and Fish. F. E. 2015. Flow through the nasal cavity of the spiny dogfish, Squalus acanthias. European Physical Journal Special Topics 224: 3407-3417.
  135. Goldbogen, J. A., Fish, F. E. and Potvin, J. 2016. Hydrodynamics. Pp. 3-28. In: "Marine Mammal Physiology: Requisites for Ocean Living". (M. A. Castellini and J-A. Mellish, eds.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
  136. Liu, X. Fish, F., Russo, S., Blemker, S. and Iwasaki, T. 2016. Modeling and optimality analysis of pectoral fin locomotion. Pp. 309-332. In: "Neuromechanical Modeling of Posture and Locomotion". (D. Edwards and B. Prilutsky), Springer, New York.
  137. Fish, F. E., Schreiber, C. M., Moored, K. M., Liu, G., Dong, H. and Bart-Smith, H. 2016. Hydrodynamic performance of aquatic flapping: Efficiency of underwater flight in the manta. Aerospace 3(3): 20; doi:10.3390/aerospace3030020.
  138. Segre, P. S., Cade, D. E., Fish, F. E., Allen, A. N., Calambokidis, J., Friedlander, A. S. and Goldbogen, J. A. 2016. Hydrodynamic properties of fin whale flippers predict rolling performance. Journal of Experimental Biology jeb-137091.
  139. Houssaye, A. and Fish, F. E. 2016. Functional (Secondary) Adaptation to an aquatic life in vertebrates: An introduction to the symposium. Integrative and Comparative Biology 56(6): 1266-1270, doi:10.1093/icb/icw129.
  140. Fish, F. E. 2016. Secondary evolution of aquatic propulsion in higher vertebrates: Validation and prospect. Integrative and Comparative Biology 56(6): 1285-1297, doi:10.1093/icb/icw123.
  141. Fish, F. E. 2017. Evolution of aquatic mammals and birds: The present predicts the past. Atlas of Science, (http://atlasofscience.org/evolution-of-aquatic-mammals-and-birds-the-present-predicts-the-past/).
  142. Saadat, M., Fish, F. E., Domel, A., Di Santo, V. Lauder G. V. and Haj-Hariri, H. 2017. On the rules for aquatic locomotion. Physical Review Fluids 2: 083102.
  143. Fish, F. E., Dong, H., Zhu, J. and Bart-Smith, H. 2017. Swimming kinematics of mobuliform rays: Oscillatory winged propulsion by large pelagic batoids. Marine Technology Society Journal 51(5): 35-47.
  144. Fish, F. E. and Lauder, G. V. 2017. Control surfaces of aquatic vertebrates in relation to swimming modes. Journal of Experimental Biology 220: 4351-4363.
  145. Fish, F. E. 2017. The physics of flukes. P.p. 55-57. In: Narwhal: Revealing an Arctic Legend (W. W. Fitzhugh and M. T. Nweeia, eds.) IPI Press & Arctic Studies Center, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C..
  146. Fish, F. E. 2018. Locomotion. Terrestrial. Pp. 552-554. In: Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, Ed. 3. (W. F. Perrin, B. Würsig, and J. G. M. Thewissen, eds.), Academic Press, San Diego.
  147. Fish, F. E. 2018. Streamlining. Pp. 951-954. In: Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, Ed. 3. (W. F. Perrin, B. Würsig, and J. G. M. Thewissen, eds.), Academic Press, San Diego.
  148. Gough, W. T., Fish, F. E., Wainwright, D. K. and Bart-Smith, H. 2018. Morphology of the core fibrous layer of the cetacean tail fluke. Journal of Morphology DOI: 10.1002/jmor.20808.
  149. Fish, F. E., Kolpas, A., Crossett, A. J., Meade, A., Dudas, M. A., Moored, K. W. and Bart-Smith, H. 2018. Kinematics of swimming in the manta ray (Manta birostris): 3D analysis of open water maneuverability. Journal of Experimental Biology 221: jeb.166041 doi: 10.1242/jeb.166041.
  150. Fish, F. E., Williams, T. M., Sherman, E., Moon, Y. E., Wu, V. and Wei, T. 2018. Experimental measurement of dolphin thrust generated during a tail stand using DPIV. Fluids 2018, 3, 33; doi:10.3390/fluids302003
  151. Ayancik, F., Moored, K. and Fish, F. E. 2018. Disentangling the relation between the planform shape and swimming gait in cetacean propulsion. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. DOI: 10.2514/6.2018-2914.
  152. Segre, P. S., Cade, D. E., Calambokidis, J., Fish, F. E., Friedlaender, A. S., Potvin, J. and Goldbogen, J. A. 2018. Body flexibility enhances maneuverability in the world’s largest predator. Integrative and Comparative Biology pp. 1-13. doi:10.1093/icb/icy121.
  153. Baines, R. I., Booth, J. W., Fish, F. E., and Kramer-Bottiglio, R. 2019. Toward a bio-inspired variable –stiffness morphing limb for amphibious robot locomotion. 2019 2nd IEEE
  154. Adams, D. S. and Fish, F. E. 2019. Odontocete peduncle tendons for possible control of fluke orientation and flexibility. Journal of Morphology280(9): 1323-1331. DOI: 101002/jmor.21033.
  155. Wainwright, D. K., Fish, F. E., Ingersoll, S., Williams, T. M., St. Leger, J., Smits, A. J. and Lauder, G. V. 2019. How smooth is a dolphin? The ridged skin of odontocetes. Biology Letters 15: 20190103.
  156. Baines, R. I., Booth, J. W., Fish, F. E., and Kramer-Bottiglio, R. 2019. Toward a bio-inspired variable –stiffness morphing limb for amphibious robot locomotion.  2019 2ndIEEE International Conference on Soft Robotics (RoboSoft) pp. 704-710.
  157. Sharker, S. I., Holekamp, S., Mansoor, M. M., Fish, F. E. and Truscott, T. 2019. Water entry impact dynamics of diving birds.Bioinspiration and Biomimeticshttps://doi.org/10.1088/1748-3190/ab38cc.
  158. Li, Y., Fish, F., Chen, Y., Ren, T. and Zhou, J. 2019. Bio-inspired robotic dog paddling: kinematic and hydro-dynamic analysis. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics 14(6): 66008-66008.
  159. Fish, F. E. and Holzman, R. 2019. Swimming turned on its head: Stability and maneuverability of the shrimpfish (Aeoliscus punctulatus). Integrative Organismal Biology 55: E57-E57.
  160. Gough, W. T., Segre, P. S., Bierlich, K. C., Cade, D. E., Potvin J., Fish, F. E., Dale, J., di Clemente, J., Friedlaender, A. S., Johnston, D. W., Kahane-Rapport, S. R., Kennedy, J., Long, J. H., Oudejans, M., Penry, G., Savoca, M. S., Simon, K. A., Visser, F., Wiley, D. N. and Goldbogen, J. A. 2019. Scaling of swimming performance in baleen whales. Journal of Experimental Biology 222: DOI: 10.1242/jeb.204172.
  161. Fish, F. E. 2020. Biomimetics and the application of the leading edge tubercles of the humpback whale flipper. In: Flow Control through Bio-Inspired Leading Edge Tubercles (D. T. H. New and B. F. Ng eds.), pp. 1-39. Springer, Cham, Switzerland.
  162. Fish, F. E. 2020. Advantages of aquatic animals as models for bio-inspired drones over present AUV technology. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics 15(2): 025001.
  163. Baines, R., Freeman, S. Fish, F. and Kramer-Bottiglio, R. 2020. Variable stiffness morphing limb for amphibious legged robots inspired by chelonian environmental adaptations. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics 15(2): 25002.
  164. Ayancik, F., Fish, F. E. and Moored, K. W. 2020. Three-dimensional scaling laws of cetacean propulsion characterize the hydrodynamic interplay of flukes’ shape and gait. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 17:20190655.
  165. Segre, P. S., Potvin, J., Cade, D. E., Calambokidis, J., Di Clemente, J., Fish, F. E., Friedlaender, A. S., Gough, W. T., Kahane-Rapport, S. R., Oliveria, C. Parks, S. E., Penry, G. S., Simon, M., Stimpert, A. K., Wiley, D. N., Bierlich, K. C., Madsen, P. T., and Goldbogen, J. A. 2020. Energetic and physical limitations on the breaching performance of large whales. eLife 9:e51760.
  166. Fish, F. E., DiNenno, N. K. and Trail, J. 2020. The ‘Dog Paddle’: Stereotypic swimming gait pattern in different do breeds. The Anatomical Record  2020:1-11.
  167. Han, P., Wang, J. Fish, F. E. and Dong, H. 2020. Kinematics and hydrodynamics of a dolphin in forward swimming. AIAA Aviation Forum, June 15-19, 10.2514/6.2020.3015.
  168. Fish, F. E., Sheehan, M. J., Adams, D. S., Tennett, K. A. and Gough, W. T. 2020. A 60/40 split: Differential mass support in dogs. The Anatomical Record 10.1002/ar.24407.
  169. Garten, J. L. and Fish, F. E. 2020. Comparative histological examination of the integument of cetacean flukes. Aquatic Mammals 46(4): 367-381.
  170. Fish, F. E. 2020. Aquatic animals operating at high Reynolds numbers: Biomimetic opportunities for AUV application. Pp. 235-270. In: Bioinspired Structures and Design (W. Soboyejo and L. Daniel, ed.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  171. Fish, F. E. 2020. Bio-inspired aquatic drones: Overview. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics 15(2): 060401.
  172. Baines, R., Fish, F., and Kramer-Boettiglio, R. 2020. Amphibious robotic propulsive mechanisms: Current technologies and open challenges. Pp. 41-69. In: Bioinspired Sensing, Actuation, and Control in Underwater Soft Robotic Systems (D. Paley and N. Wereley, ed.), Springer.
  173. Gavazzi, L. M., Cooper, L. N., Fish, F. E. and Thewissen, J. G. M. 2020. Functional aspects of carpal morphology in the earliest cetaceans. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (Online DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2020.1833019

In the Media

Research films were on display at the American Museum of Natural History in an exhibit entitled, "Captured Motion: Skeletal Studies by S. Harmsted Chubb." (1985)

Research on jet-propelled frogfishes highlighted in the Tropical Fish Hobbyist. (1988)

Research on hydroplaning in ducklings highlighted in Discover Magazine. (1994)

Interviewed for radio broadcast by American Institute of Physics Science Report on Physics and Animals. (1995)

Research on energetics of formation swimming highlighted on the Canadian television show @Discovery.ca in the Weird and Wonderful Science segment. (1995)

Research on hydroplaning ducklings highlighted on the Canadian television show @Discovery.ca in the Weird and Wonderful Science segment. (1996)

Highlighted in article " Beastly Olympics" in August issue of Discover Magazine. (1996)

Interviewed by Outside magazine for the Wild File section. (1996)

Cover of Journal of Experimental Biology Volume 200(8). (1997)

Featured in article "Ducklings and Dolphins and Fish- oh My!" in West Chester University Magazine (Summer 1997).

Cover of West Chester University Magazine (Summer 1997).

Research highlighted in an article "Schnabeltiere als flotte Schwimmer" which was published in Natur and Wissenschaft section of the German newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. (March 11, 1998)

Featured in book, At the Water's Edge, by Carl Zimmer published by the Free Press. (1998)

Interviewed for article " Shedding light on dolphins" in American Scientist 87: 216-217. (1999)

Interviewed for news article “Experts: Study fish to swim better” which appeared on the Associated Press Wire (April 2, 1999).

Interviewed for news article “Go Fish! Studying the critters makes for speedier swimmers” which appeared on HealthScout (www.healthscout.com). (April 13, 1999)

Interviewed for news article “ Flipper’s Flippant Formula” which appeared in Newsday. (March 7, 2000)

Interviewed for news article “How whales, dolphins, seals dive so deep” which appeared in Science News 157(15): 230. (2000)

Interviewed for news article “In nature, animals that stop and start win the race” which appeared in Science 288: 83-85. (2000)

Interviewed for news article “Grebes propelled by fancy footwork” on Discovery.com News (October 5, 2000).

Radio interview by the Australian Broadcasting Company on ancient bacteria (October 18, 2000).

Interviewed for news article “WCU pair find oldest organism” which appeared in the Daily Local News (October 19, 2000).

Interviewed for Nature Science Update article “Stiff fish in a spin”. (2000)

Interviewed by Daily Local News for article “Science teachers ponder change in Pa. Treatment of evolution theory.” (2000)

Research highlighted in the article: Le Page, M. 2001. Speed bumps give humpbacks a surprise boost. New Scientist, 13 January, p. 22. (2001)

Research highlighted in advertisement by Peak Performance Technologies Inc. (2001)

Research on energetics of platypus knuckle-walking highlighted on the Canadian television show @Discovery.ca in the Weird and Wonderful Science segment. (2001)

Interviewed by Outside magazine for the Wild File section. (March, 2001)

2001- Research on humpback whales highlighted on the Animal Update segment of radio show Living on Earth. (March 9, 2001)

Interviewed by Muse magazine. (2001)

Interviewed for an article, "Children and courting pairs love return of firefly season" which appeared in the Daily Local News (July 2, 2001)

Interviewed for Science News article on buoyant balaenids. (2001)

Featured in PBS series Evolution: Great Transformations. (September 9, 2001)

Featured in the Daily Local News article “Fish Story”. (November 1, 2001)

Featured on the television show Walking with Prehistoric Beasts, which was produced by the BBC and aired on the Discovery Channel (December 9, 2001)

Highlighted in an article "A Whale of a Tale" in Machine Design for work on an animatronic Orca on exhibit in the Nagoya Port Public Aquarium in Japan. (December 13, 2001)

Cover design of Integrative and Comparative Biology Volume 42 Number 1, (February 2002)

Research on humpback whales highlighted in NatureAustralia 27(6): 22-23. (2002)

Appearance in commercial for APSCUF http://www.apscuf.com/video.cfm (2003)

Technical expert for Natural History New Zealand film "Spinner Dolphins."

Publication of the letter "Fish Knows" in the Annals of Improbable Research 9(6): 2. (2004)


Science: Flipper Flight, 304: 1106. (2004)

Scientific American: Bumpy Flying, August 2004: 18-20. (2004)

Natural History: As the Whale Turns, June 2004: 24-25. (2004)

Science Daily: Mimicking Humpback Whale Flipper May Improve Airplane Wing Design (2004), www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/05/040512044455.htm

Vancouver Aquarium Aquanews: New Airplane Wing Mimics Humpback Whale Flippers (2004)

Netzeitung Wissenschaft: Fliegen wie ein Buckelwal schwimmt. (2004)

Herald Sun: Humpback whale flippers inspire engineers to improve airplane wings, May 25, 2004.

Science News: Marvels of Engineering, September 4, 2004: 154-156.

Journal of Experimental Biology: Outside JEB: Humpback's Bumpy Flippers, 207(21): iv, 2004.

Prism (American Society of Engineering Education) 14(4):13, December, 2004.

Highlighted in an article in the Educator Spotlight in the Chester County Neighbors section of the Philadelphia Inquirer , January 1, 2006.

Featured in an article “The Physics of Swimming: Faster Than They Should Be” in Discover magazine, February 2006: 22-23.

Fish’s Law on Paleos website:(http://www.palaeos.com/Vertebrates/Lists/Glossary/GlossaryFG.html)

ScienceNow Daily News- New twist on an old spin, 2/8/2006

Ocean Indigo (Italy)- Delfini, svelato il segreto delle piroette (indigo.splinder.com), 2/9/2006

KOMPAS Cyber Media (Indonesia)- Rahasia Tarian Lumba-lumba (2006)

New Scientist- Dolphin does the twist to hit the sir spinning, 2/14/2006

www.biomachinations.com- Aerial Spinner (2006)

News ITALIA PRESS- Perchè I delfini fanno le piroette? (2006)

Galileo: Giornale di scienza e problemi globali- Delfini, svelato il segreto delle piroette (2006)

LiveScience (2006) (http://livescience.com/animalworld/060327_mm_dolphin_spin.html)

Israel High-Tech & Investment Report, April 2006

Whale and Dolphin Magazine: Spin doctors, May/June 2006.

TEKNOLOJI (Turkey)- Yunuslar suda nasil ziplar? (2006)

Anders Fernsehen- Delfine beginnen ihre Pirouetten bereits unter Wasser, 6/2/06





Interviewed in an article “Flippered robot mimics sea creatures” in Discovery Channel News Feature (http://dsc.discovery.com/news/breif/20060515/turtlebot_tec.html). (2006)

Interviewed for article “Marine technology inspired by dolphins’ speed” for PHYORG.COM (http://www.physorg.com/news68812337.html) (2006)

Interviewed for Fox News on the U.S. Navy’s use of dolphins. (2007)

Highlighted in article “Biologist and Physicist Team Up to Study the Alligator’s 'Death Roll'; No Schooling Necessary” in the UnderwaterTimes.com. (2007)


“Biologist and Physicist Team Up to Study the Alligator’s 'Death Roll'" in ScienceDaily.com: (http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/03/070326132754.htm)

Softpedia: http://news.softpedia.com/newsTag/behavior

Articles about WhalePower (2007): http://www.thestar.com/article/213475


“Professor Backs Navy Program” in The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 17, 2007.

Interview with Institute of Physics- 60 seconds with ….Authors Edition (2007) http://www.iop.org/EJ/journal/-page=featauth/-author=517/1748-3190/1

Featured in article "Studies on the Shapes and Motions of Marine Animals" in West Chester University Magazine (Summer 2007).

Cover photograph for Marine Mammal Science 23(3). (2007)

Featured in newscast by CBC on humpback whales and wind turbines. (2007)

Highlighted in article “Greatest Mysteries: Why Are There Transitional Animals?” on LiveScience (2007) http://www.livescience.com/strangenews/070814_gm_trans_forms.html

Research on death rolls in alligators highlighted in Inside JEB-Alligators go for a spin, Journal of Experimental Biology 210(16): iii. (2007)

Research on biomimetic application of humpback whale tubercle technology to wind turbine technology highlighted on Canadian Broadcasting Company telecast from Prince Edward Island. (2007)

North Cape. WEICan begins tests on WhalePower Corp's novel wind turbine blade, modeled on the fin of a humpback whale. (2007) (http://www.weican.ca/news/2007/070802-whalepower-tests.php)

Whale Energy. Science Update.(2007) http://www.scienceupdate.com/show.php?date=20071010

Science made cool “Rolls For Dinner” (2007) (http://www.sciencemadecool.com/2007/10/with-all-the-at.html)

Technology Review published by MIT, “Whale-Inspired Windmills” (2007) http://www.technologyreview.com/Energy/20379/?nlid=918

Science News: Gator Aids: Gators squish lungs around to dive and roll (2008) (http://www.sciencenews.org/articles/20080315/fob5.asp)

Research highlighted in the April 2008 issue of National Geographic for his work on the application of the geometry of the humpback whale flipper for wind turbine design in the article "Biomimetics: design by nature". (2008)

Christian Science Monitor, “Whales inspire better blade designs” May 15, 2008.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation radio interview on “Quirks and Quarks” (2008) http://www.cbc.ca/quirks/archives/03-04/jun12.html.

Philadelphia Inquirer (2008) http://www.philly.com/philly/entertainment/19967224.html

Bumpy Whale Fins Outperform Smooth Turbines (2008) - http://www.sciam.com/podcast/episode.cfm?id=005E4190-9DE4-32A2-015B43F0702189EA

Deutschlandradio Kultur, Deutschlandfunk: (2008) http://www.dradio.de/dlf/sendungen/forschak/813285/

MSNBC.com: Scientists tap motion in the ocean for energy (2008) http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/25709843/

The Flying Circus of Physics: Alligator death roll (2008) http://www.flyingcircusofphysics.com/News/NewsDetail.aspx?NewsID=37

Discover: Wind Turbine That Imitates Flippers Could Increase Efficiency(2008) http://discovermagazine.com/2008/sep/15-wind-turbine-that-imitates-flippers-could-increase-efficiency

EARTH (formerly GEOTIMES) magazine: "A whale of a wind turbine" (September 2008)

Science News: "Built for speed" (August 16, 2008).

“A Whale of a Turbine” in The Daily Planet Book of Cool Ideas: Global Warming and What People Are Doing About It, Jay Ingram, Penguin Canada.(2008)

“Fabulous flippers: Dolphins have quite the kick” (2008) http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20081124/ap_on_sc/sci_dolphin_power;_ylt=AuONbouz_GdavuGQXNFawAus0NUE

'Gray's Paradox' solved: Researchers discover secret of speedy dolphins. EurkAlert (2008) http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-11/rpi-ps112408.php)

Dolphins’ tails give them their kick. USA Today 11/25/08, p. 6D. (2008)

Dolphin Kick Three Times More Mighty Than Olympians. Discovery Channel. (2008) http://dsc.discovery.com/news/2008/11/24/dolphin-kick.html

Fabulous flippers: Dolphins have quite the kick. WTOP.com. (2008) http://www.wtopnews.com/?nid=220&sid=1524867

Researchers Determine Force Of Dolphins’ Thrust. Red Orbit. (2008) http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1602525/researchers_determine_force_of_dolphins_thrust/index.html

Why Michael Phelps Will Never Swim Faster Than a Dolphin. Discover. (2008) http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/80beats/2008/11/26/why-michael-phelps-will-never-swim-faster-than-a-dolphin/

Dolphin power is triple that of Olympic swimmer. News.scotsman.com.(2008) http://news.scotsman.com/scitech/Dolphin-power-is-triple-that.4726602.jp

US scientists calculate power of dolphins. International Herald Tribune. (2008) http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/11/24/america/NA-SCI-US-Dolphin-Power.php

Fabulous flippers: Dolphins have quite the kick. Yahoo News. (2008) http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20081124/ap_on_sc/sci_dolphin_power

'Gray's Paradox' solved: Researchers discover secret of speedy dolphins. E! Science News. (2008) http://esciencenews.com/articles/2008/11/24/grays.paradox.solved.researchers.discover.secret.speedy.dolphins

'Top secret' technology to help US swimmers trim times at Beijing Olympics. E! Science News. (2008) http://esciencenews.com/articles/2008/08/08/top.secret.technology.help.us.swimmers.trim.times.beijing.olympics

Across the ocean in a pedal-powered submarine. New Scientist 31 January 2009, Issue 2693: 36-38. http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20126936.900-across-the-ocean-in-a-pedalpowered-submarine.html

"Untamed and Uncut", which aired on Animal Planet on Sunday, February 15, 2009.

“Dolphin-inspired man-made fin works swimmingly” Scientific American, March 2, 2009. http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=dolphin-inspired-man-made-fin

“Predator X”, which aired on the History Channel, March 29, 2009.

Hofmann, Kate. Nature did it first. "Ranger Rick." April, 2009.

Roach, J., “Flying Whale Fins” Conservation Magazine 10(1): 41 (2009).

Holtcamp, W., "Mimicking Mother Nature" National Wildlife, December/January 2010: 46-51.

Highlighted in advertisement for West Chester University, which was placed in The Chronicle of Higher Education, February 5, 2010, Vol. LVI, Number 21, p. A19.

Interviewed on the Naked Scientist Radio Show and Podcast, based at the University of Cambridge and broadcast on BBC radio (2/21/10).

Contributor to the television show Richard Hammond’s Invisible Worlds, which aired on March 16, 2010 on BBC1.

Whirl-y-bird vs. Whale-y-bird http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project_ideas/Aero_p015.shtml

Featured in BBC television production "Bang Goes the Theory", series 2, episode 4 (2010).

Featured in Biomimicry Stories for NOAA Auditorium Program, Monterey Bay Aquarium (2010).

Interviewed for article “Dunk the Giraffe” by Helen Fields in Science Vol. 328: 1617, 25 June 2010.

2010. Featured in a 15-minute live program, “Whales to windmills: Inventions inspired by the sea” that will run on a continuous basis at the Monterey Bay Aquarium.

2010. Consultant for BBC production “Invisible Worlds: Speed Limits”

2010. Featured in “A Fish Story” in Entrepreneur magazine. http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/217520

2011. Featured by Smithsonian Science, “Narwhal flukes help compensate for drag caused by tusk”http://smithsonianscience.org/2011/02/narwhal-flukes-help-compensate-for-drag-caused-by-tusk/

2011. Featured in West Chester University Magazine, “Mimicking Nature’s Designs”, Winter/Spring 2011, p. 15.

2011. Featured in Conservation, “Whale flippers jump the gap”, Spring 2011, p. 63.

2011. Featured in Mechanical Engineering, “from whales to fans”, May 2011, 133(5): 24-29.

2011. Featured in Science, “Manta Machines”, 27 May 2011, Vol. 332: 1028-1029.

2011. Highlighted in Reader’s Digest, “Back to Nature”, June/July 2011: 166-171.

2011. Quoted in “A Fish of an Idea” by Catherine Clabby in American Scientist, September-October 2011, Vol. 99: 382.

2011. Quoted in “How Sharks Go Fast” by Elizabeth Pennisi in Science Now: http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2011/11/how-sharks-go-fast.html?ref=hp

2011. Quoted in “Baby Bumps Slow Dolphins Down” by Gisela Telis in Science Now:


2011. Project WhaleWatch (http://whalewatch.weebly.com/), Youth Design Team Digital Task Force Fall 2011 program at the Field Museum in Chicago.

2011. “A Whale of a Good Idea” by Brian Clark Howard: http://www.ecomagination.com/a-whale-of-a-good-idea

2012. “Whale Bumps for Power”. National Geographic Daily News.

2012. Robotic manta ray. ABC News.http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/mechanical-manta-ray-bio-mimicry-engineers-copy-nature/story?id=17006976

2012. Interviewed for article “Shake, Rover…Shake” in the Philadelphia Inquirer, September 3, pages C1-C2.

2012. Highlighted in TEDx Talk (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wiRDQ4hr9i8) entitled “Does our future require us to go back to nature?” by Dr. Ashok Goel of the Georgia Institute of Technology.

2012. Interviewed in Discovery News article “Largest predator performs acrobatics to feed” http://news.discovery.com/animals/blue-whales-roll-121127.html

2012. Interviewed in Nature article “Blue whales pirouette for food” http://www.nature.com/news/blue-whales-pirouette-for-food-1.11892

2012. Featured in West Chester University Magazine, “Testing a robot ray”, Fall 2012, p. 6.

2012. Featured in “How Whlaes Fly?” in website Scitable. http://www.nature.com/scitable/blog/student-voices/how_whales_fly

2013. Featured in the Brazilian blog Biodiversa, “Como se coloca uma baleia em um ventilador?” http://planetasustentavel.abril.com.br/blog/biodiversa/como-se-coloca-uma-baleia-em-um-ventilador/

2013. Bloomberg. 14 smart inventions inspired by nature: biomimicry, Fin to the wind. http://www.bloomberg.com/slideshow/2013-08-18/14-smart-inventions-inspired-by-nature-biomimicry.html#slide10

2013. Interviewed for magazine article “Evolution of the Whale” by Brian Gregory in Untamed.

2013. “Tubercle Effect” in Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tubercle_Effect

2014. DailyMail. “Now THAT’S doggy paddle! Canines perform complex swimming moves similar to how they run on land.” http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2538681/Now-THATS-doggy-paddle-Canines-perform-complex-swimming-moves-similar-run-land.html

2014. Science News. “Dog-paddle science debunks notion of underwater trot.” February 8, p. 10. https://www.sciencenews.org/article/dog-paddle-science-debunks-notion-underwater-trot

2014. Science Daily. “How Dogs Do the 'Dog Paddle': An Evolutionary Look at Swimming.” http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140105102502.htm?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+sciencedaily%2Fplants_animals%2Fdogs+(ScienceDaily%3A+Plants+%26+Animals+News+--+Dogs)

2014. Discovery News. “The Dog Paddle Is Just an Underwater Jog.” http://news.discovery.com/animals/pets/dogs-run-underwater-140105.htm

2014. ohmidog! Reflections on the dog paddle. http://www.ohmidog.com/tag/frank-fish/

2014. newswise. “How dogs do the ‘Dog Paddle: An evolutionary look at swimming.” http://www.newswise.com/articles/how-dogs-do-the-dog-paddle-an-evolutionary-look-at-swimming

2014. Science Daily. “Gray’s Paradox solved: Researchers discover secret of speedy dolphins.” http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/11/081124131334.htm

2014. International Science Times. “Gray’s Paradox Solved: Dolphin Actually Have Super Strength; Don’t Need to Rely On Tricks Of Fluid Mechanics.” http://www.isciencetimes.com/articles/6681/20140115/grays-paradox-solved-dolphin-super-strength-swimming-fluid-mechanics-speed.htm

2014. Science Codex. “Dolphin-power sufficient for propulsion without tricks.” http://www.sciencecodex.com/dolphinpower_sufficient_for_propulsion_without_tricks-126236

2014. National Geographic Daily News. “Mystery solved: How do dolphins swim so fast?” http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/01/140115-bottlenose-dolphins-swimming-paradox-ocean-animals-science/

2014. Zee News. “Dolphins 10 times stronger than fittest human athletes.” http://zeenews.india.com/news/eco-news/dolphins-10-times-stronger-than-fittest-human-athletes_904514.html

2014. Philly.com. “West Chester University study examines evolution through doggie paddle patterns.” http://www.philly.com/philly/blogs/phillypets/West-Chester-University-study-examines-evolution-through-doggie-paddle-patterns.html

2014. Los Angeles Times. “The secret of dolphins’ speed is not skin-deep, study shows.” http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-dolphin-power-propulsion-bioinspired-speed-swimming-20140121,0,1423330.story

2014. Inside Science. “Scientist dive into mystery of the dog paddle.” http://www.insidescience.org/content/scientists-dive-mystery-dog-paddle/1538

2014. Student Science. “Dissecting the dog paddle.” https://student.societyforscience.org/article/dissecting-dog-paddle

2014. Science Frontiers. “Increased efficiency from tubercles-shaped wind turbines.” http://activities.tjhsst.edu/scifront/articles/whale.html

2014. redOrbit. “Dolphins use super strength to propel themselves through water.” http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1113048429/dolphins-stronger-than-humans-propel-through-water-011614/

2014. Discover. “The Secret to Dolphins’ Swimming Speeds. http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/crux/2014/01/23/the-secret-to-dolphins-swimming-speeds/#.VDU0fkvuSro

2014. Science on NBCNews.com. “How dolphins outdo Olympic swimmers.” http://www.nbcnews.com/id/27889197/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/how-dolphins-outdo-olympic-swimmers/#.UwdfqnmkU8M

2014. PHYS ORG. “Dolphin-power sufficient for propulsion without tricks.” http://phys.org/news/2014-01-dolphin-power-sufficient-propulsion.html

2014. The Dog Journal. “Biologist studies dog paddles.” http://dogjournal.tumblr.com/post/74383779299/biologist-studies-dog-paddles-examining-dogs

2014. International Whale Protection Org. Mystery solved: How dolphins swim so fast? http://www.internationalwhaleprotection.org/forum/index.php?/topic/7186-mystery-solved-how-do-dolphins-swim-so-fast/

2014. Dogster. Study: The dog paddle is just underwater jogging. http://www.dogster.com/the-scoop/dog-behavior-paddle-study-learn-to-swim-dogs-underwater-jogging

2014. Science Vol. 343: 235, 17 January. Interviewed for “Random Sample: The unlikely link between Feder and marsupials”

2014. Interviewed about the research on the ‘dog paddle’ on Smart Talk Radio, National Public Radio (2/26).

2014. The Scientist. “Flukes Forces”. http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/39481/title/Fluke-Forces/

2014. Highlighted in “Paddling Pooches”, Scholastic ScienceWorld Vol. 70, No. 10, March 24, 2014.

2014. Highlighted in the book “ The Shark’s Paintbrush” by Jay Harman.

2014. Highlighted in “How Whales Wing It”, Highlights Vol. 69, No. 7, Issue No. 753, July 2014.

2014. Highlighted in the chapter “The Shape of the Future” by Michael Cowgill in the graphic novel “Wild Ocean”.

2014. Interviewed for article “Fish spits water like we throw spears” in Sciencehttp://news.sciencemag.org/biology/2014/09/video-fish-spits-water-we-throw-spears

2014. Highlighted in “Fluid Earth’s Humpback Whale Fin for Surfboards” in the website AskNature by the Biomimicry Institute. http://www.asknature.org/product/6b64f488c9d06dc65c46fa210e17844e

2014. Highlighted in “Technological Innovations from the Creator” in the website Institute for Creation Research. http://www.icr.org/article/technological-innovations-from-creator/

2014. Highlighted in “Biomimetic Innovations” in website Biomimicry San Diego. http://biomimicrysandiego.org/biomimicry-consulting/

2014. Highlighted in TED talk http://tedxtalks.ted.com/video/TEDxGeorgiaTech-Jeannette-Yen-B

2014. Highlighted in television show Xploration Earth 2050 – Bio-Mechanimals. Aired in September on Fox.

2014-2020. “The Machine Inside: Biomechanics” created by the Field Museum. Humpback whale tubercles and Mantabot on exhibit.

2015. Interview for article “Resilient hearts for deep-sea divers” Science News for Students. https://student.societyforscience.org/article/resilient-hearts-deep-sea-divers

2015. Highlighted in Science News article “That’s how shrimpfish roll”, Vol. 187 No. 3, February 7.

2015. Interviewed for article “Length of lashes keeps eyes from drying, study finds” in The New York Times, 2/24/2015. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/25/science/length-of-lashes-keeps-eyes-from-drying-study-finds.html?_r=0

2015. Highlighted in television show Xploration Earth 2050, which on Fox October 2.

2015. Highlighted in PASSHE television program.

2015. Contributor to the Spanish television program “animalades” (http://www.rtve.es/alacarta/videos/animalades/).

2015. Interviewed for article “Theme parks tout their contributions to scientific research” in the Orlando Sentinel, 9/6/2015. http://www.orlandosentinel.com/business/tourism/os-seaworld-research-disney-20150904-story.html

2015. Interviewed for article “Humpback whales solve a big problem for wind turbines” for Wired.com, http://www.wired.com/2015/11/whales-wind-turbines/

2015. Interviewed for article “John Dabiri: unleashing the power of the jellyfish” http://www.ozy.com/rising-stars/john-dabiri-unleashing-the-power-of-the-jellyfish/65216

2016. Highlighted in book “Inventive Engineering” by Tomasz Arcizewski.

2016. Interviewed for article “Did early land animals get a leg up by using their tails?” in The Christian Science Monitor, 7/8/2016. http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2016/0708/Did-early-land-animals-get-a-leg-up-by-using-their-tails?cmpid=push013s

2016. Featured on Xploration “Nature Knows Best”, which aired on Fox, October 8. https://rotfeldproductions.wistia.com/medias/dwiiuu6t25

2016- Interviewed as part of MOOC “Sharks! Global Biodiversity, Biology, and Conservation” https://www.edx.org/course/sharks-global-biodiversity-biology-cornellx-uqx-bioee101x#!

2016. Interviewed for article “Heartmaker’s next step: ray ‘biohybrid’?” in Science, 8 July2016, Vol. 353(6295): 110-111.

2016. Interviewed for article “Swans found to windsurf across water” in National Geographic Online, October 19. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/10/mute-swan-windsurfing-animals/

2016. Sciencemag.org Study of dolphin amputee informs prosthetic design. http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/12/watch-dolphin-swim-first-its-kind-artificial-fluke

2017- Consultant for “Animal Fight Night” episodes 402, 407, 408, 413, 414 shown on Nat Geo Wild.

2017- Consultant for “ Whales Beneath the Surface” at the British Natural History Museum.

2017. Interviewed for article “How the slimy hagfish ties itself up in knots—and survives shark attacks” by Elizabeth Penniski for Science, 6 January, 2017. http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/01/how-slimy-hagfish-ties-itself-knots-and-survives-shark-attacks

2017. Interviewed for article “Rare video capture never-before-seen whale behavior” by Carrie Arnold for National Geographic, 12 July,

2017. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/07/humpback-whales-oceans-feeding-flippers/

2017. Interviewed for the article “Michael Phelps’ race with a great white in Shark Week: Does he stand a chance? By Tom Avril for Philly.com, 21 July, 2017. http://www.philly.com/philly/health/science/discovery-channel-phelps-shark-week-gold-medal-swim-20170721.html

2017. Humpbacks flap their flippers like birds underwater. Science News for Students. https://www.sciencenewsforstudents.org/article/humpbacks-flap-their-flippers-underwater-birds

2017. WCU Biologist Adds to Groundbreaking Whale Discovery. VistaToday https://vista.today/2017/08/wcu-biologist-adds-groundbreaking-whale-discovery/https://vista.today/2017/08/wcu-biologist-adds-groundbreaking-whale-discovery/

2017. Highlighted in the book Adapt: How Humans Are Tapping Into Nature’s Secrets to Design and Build a Better Future by Amina Khan.

2017. Quoted in the article “Why don’t fish swim upside down?” in Hakai Magazine. November, 10. https://www.hakaimagazine.com/article-short/why-dont-fish-swim-upside-down

2017. Evolution of aquatic mammals and birds: the present predicts the past. Atlas of Science http://atlasofscience.org/evolution-of-aquatic-mammals-and-birds-the-present-predicts-the-past/

2017. The Dish of Science “Ballet Flippers”, http://thedishonscience.stanford.edu/posts/ballet-flippers/

2018. “Inventors inspired by humpback whales make a more efficient wind turbine” by Gene Quinn in IPWatchDog, http://www.ipwatchdog.com/2018/04/24/inventors-inspired-humpback-whales-more-efficient-wind-turbine/id=96234/

2018. European Patent Office Names WCU Biologist a Finalist for 2018 European Inventor Award VISTA.TODAY, https://vista.today/2018/04/european-patent-office-names-wcu-biologist-a-finalist-for-2018-european-inventor-award/

2018. European Paten Office; https://www.epo.org/learning-events/european-inventor/finalists/2018/dewar.html

2018. LesEchos.fr “Biomimétisme : les pales d'éoliennes imitent les nageoires des baleines à bosse”

2018. Interviewed for article “Some seals eat like their land ancestors” in Science News, April 28, 1018 & May 12, 2018: 20.

2018. Highlighted for elephant seal research in Inside JEB “Lumbering on land costs elephant seals dear”, Journal of Experimental Biology 221: jeb189951. doi: 10.1242/jeb.180051.

2018. Interviewed for article “This man thinks like a biologist but designs like an engineer” by Jessica Romeo in SCIENCELINE, November 20. https://scienceline.org/2018/11/think-like-a-biologist-design-like-an-engineer-biomimetic-bio-inspired-inventions/

2018. EnergiNews”Humpback flipper whale inspire Canadian design of highly efficient wind turbine blade”,  https://energi.news/innovation/canadian-inventors-turbine-humpback-whales-increasing-wind-efficiency/

2018. IPWatchdog “ Inventors inspired by humpback whales make a more efficient wind turbine”, https://www.ipwatchdog.com/2018/04/24/inventors-inspired-humpback-whales-more-efficient-wind-turbine/id=96234/

2019. Interviewed for article “Bingo” In a remarkable first, humpback whales spotted using their fins to scoop up fish” in Science, October 15. https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/10/bingo-remarkable-first-humpback-whales-spied-using-their-fins-scoop-fish

2019. Interviewed for article “Humpback whales herd salmon with their fins, new photos reveal” in National Geographic, October 15. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2019/10/humpback-whales-herd-fins-salmon/

2019. Shrimpfish swim strangely – Integrative Organismal Biology, https://iobopen.wordpress.com/2019/10/29/head-down-tail-up-shrimpfish-swim-strangely/

2020. Videos of shrimpfish posted on Twitter by Cool Science Videos@GeoBeats, “This fish didn’t get the message”, August 11 at https://twitter.com/GeoBeats/status/1293191246626856960


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