690 South Church Street
West Chester, PA 19383
610-436-3311 or x3311
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Unmanned) aircraft systems (hereafter
drones, can be important and useful tools in supporting University priorities. Example uses include: scientific mapping missions, archeological and geological field studies, precision agriculture, aerial photography and cinematography, journalism, and more. West Chester University recognizes that the regulated use of UAS may be beneficial to academic and administrative units on campus and endeavors to allow this use while ensuring the safety and security of the campus and surrounding communities. This policy formalizes the processes to manage University-related UAS operations, to protect people and property near UAS operations, and to ensure full compliance with all State and Federal laws and regulations.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has jurisdiction over the national airspace system and UAS are subject to regulation by the FAA. Federal law is clear that the FAA may take enforcement action against operators who operate aircraft in a manner that endangers public safety or the safety of the national airspace system.
The policy ensures that the University has clear lines of authority and well-defined internal processes to identify, manage, and mitigate risk and to ensure safe and legal operation of UAS in furtherance of its institutional goals and objectives.
This policy applies to University employees, students, and visitors to campus, and it covers the use of UAS on the WCU campus.
Unmanned) Aircraft (UA): an aircraft without a human pilot onboard; instead, the UA is controlled by an operator on the ground. A UA is sometimes called a
Unmanned) Aircraft System (UAS): an aircraft without a human pilot onboard but with associated elements, including communication links and components used to control the UA safely and efficiently.
The FAA classifies all aircraft into one of two categories: public or civil. A public aircraft is one that is used only for the United States Government; or owned and operated by the government of a State, the District of Columbia, a territory or possession of the U.S., or a political subdivision of one of those governments. Any aircraft that does not meet the definition of a public aircraft is considered
civil aircraft. Regardless of category, however, all UA weighing more than 0.55 lbs. (250 grams) must be registered with the FAA and labeled clearly before flight ().
The FAA effectively classifies civil aircraft operations into one of two categories: 1) flying for fun (as a hobby or for recreation) or 2) flying for work (for commercial or work-related purposes).
Operating a UAS for hobby or recreational purposes on or over property owned, managed, or leased by West Chester University is prohibited. Any employee, student, or visitor wanting to fly UA for hobby or recreational purposes is encouraged to consult the local chapter of the Academy of Model Aeronautics (AMA) to find an AMA-sanctioned location where such use is approved.
Remote pilots in command (PIC) who are West Chester University employees (including student workers) or hired by University employees will comply with all FAA rules and regulations, and take great care to avoid violating the rights of others to privacy and from harassment. If working abroad, the PIC will comply with the rules and regulations of the country in which they are working.
Remote PICs will notify the UAS Advisory Committee (see below) about the location, date, time, and duration of any UAS operation on or over property owned, managed, or leased by West Chester University no later than 24 hours prior to the start of the operation. Any University employee interested in operating a UAS or hiring a third party to operate a UAS to support the University’s institutional goals or objectives should contact the office of the UAS Advisory Committee to discuss rules, responsibilities, and procedures.
In 2016, the FAA created new opportunities for businesses and government to use small UA. Remote pilots working for either a private business or a public entity may now operate a UAS in accordance with the rules in 14 CFR Part 107 (Summary of Small Unmanned Aircraft Rule (Part 107)):
WCU will maintain a UAS Advisory Committee, initially to include 1 member from the President’s Office, 1 member from Information Services & Technology (IS&T), 1 member from Public Safety, and 2 members from Academic Affairs (1 faculty member and 1 administrative). The UAS Advisory Committee will be responsible for policy development, establishing fly/no-fly zones, flight plan approval, and public notice, as detailed below:
As the aviation industry, UAS technology, and applications of UAS evolve, the FAA may change the special rules for model aircraft, the rules in Part 107, or other rules. Any change will supersede this policy and, if needed, prompt a meeting of the UAS Advisory Committee to recommend to the President and Cabinet to amend or rescind this policy.
Government entities or organizations (e.g. public universities) not wanting to operate a UAS under Part 107 rules may choose to apply for a blanket public Certificate of Waiver or Authorization (Public COA). Public COAs can be granted only for purposes that meet the strict definition of public aircraft operations. Public COAs cannot be granted to public universities for education, training, or other uses because those applications are considered commercial in nature. Note - any such COA would be granted to the University and not to an individual.
The UAS Advisory Committee, or its designee, will review and recommend approval, if appropriate, all university UAS and UAS sensor purchases to avoid duplication of effort within the university and to acquire systems that have broad applicability to the university’s research and education functions. The UA must weigh less than 55 pounds (25 kg) and be restricted to traveling less than 100 mph (87 knots). The aircraft must be registered with the FAA if it weighs more than 0.55 lbs. (250 grams).