A reasonable accommodation is a modification or adjustment that enables a qualified individual determined to have a disability the equal opportunity to enjoy the same benefits and privileges that are available to individuals without a disability.
The purpose of an accommodation is to offer a level playing field, all while maintaining the same academic requirements of a course, a test, or activity.
A university is not required or expected to change the fundamental nature or essential components of its program in order to accommodate the needs of students with disabilities; however, it is tasked with providing reasonable accommodations.
The reasonable accommodation analysis rests on an individualized review of what accommodations are reasonable within the parameters of that program. The University need not lower standards or fundamentally alter the program. A case-by-case review of the relationship between a requested accommodation and the fundamental program requirements should occur; essential academic requirements need not be adjusted. However, where specific physical, motor, cognitive or sensory tasks relate to a program in only a peripheral manner, a university is clearly required to make adaptations to accommodate the need of the students with disabilities.
That being said, adjustments that do not affect the academic integrity of a program are considered reasonable.
There is a laundry list of accommodations that are considered reasonable in the majority of circumstances: