West Chester University


Sustainability Research in Economics

Department of Economics & Finance

To learn more about the language of implementing sustainability in business, go to the Dictionary of Sustainability Management. Here you can find triple bottom line and make sure you don't confuse it with the triple top line. Learn about the Kyoto Protocol or the sustainability helix.

Climate Economics

Understanding the economic effects of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions is essential to assessing climate change scenarios. EPA assesses the economic implications of policies to reduce the greenhouse gas intensity of the U.S. economy. These economy-wide analyses, which can be found here, are complemented by studies in key areas of economic interaction in climate scenarios, including the mitigation of non-CO2 greenhouse gases, and carbon sequestration and land use change in the forestry and agriculture sector. Given the long time horizon of global greenhouse gas concentrations, EPA also analyzes long-term climate scenarios.


WTRG Economics provides analysis, planning, forecast and data services for energy producers and consumers.

Energy Economist Newsletter - In-depth analysis, information and forecasts. In addition to OPEC and crude oil prices, gasoline and natural gas prices, topics include regional, national and international exploration, production and consumption.

Measures of Petroleum Dependence and Vulnerability in OECD Countries examines energy security, petroleum dependence, and petroleum vulnerability of the major consuming countries.

Cost of Ownership & Lifecycles

Cradle to Cradle presents an innovative concept and tools for designing products, processes and systems to optimize material health, recyclability/compostability, product life cycles, renewable energy use, water efficiency, water quality, and social responsibility, instead of only reducing the negative impacts of commerce ('eco-efficiency').

The Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences (SBE) and the Directorate for Geosciences (GEO) at NSF seek to increase collaboration between the geosciences and the social and behavioral sciences by augmenting funding for interdisciplinary research related to Environment, Society, and the Economy.

These emerging and challenging problems require integration of concepts, observations, and modeling across diverse fields. GEO and SBE seek to promote interdisciplinary collaborations and integrative research that link the geosciences and the social and behavioral sciences in new and vital ways. Proposals that generate intellectual excitement in both the participating communities are sought. Also encouraged are proposals that have broad educational, societal, or infrastructure impacts that capitalize on this interdisciplinary opportunity.

Target and deadline dates for applicable programs may be found at and