The Mind/Body Institute of
Applied Psychophysiology

West Chester University

Ed Mackey, MSN, CRNA, PhD
222N Sturzebecker HSC
West Chester, PA 19383




The Broad purpose of research in Applied Psychophysiology is to develop a further understanding of the intricate dynamic between mind and body.  This can be accomplished through  the use of sensitive bio-physical monitoring equipment such as: ECG (cardiogram), EEG (electroencephalogram),  Heart Rate Variability, SpO2 (blood oxygenation), BP, Respiration and  Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) also known as electro-dermal response (EDR). 

Areas of current research focus are:

  • The Examination of Physiologic Response to a Subliminal Emotive Message- Nearing Completion!!
  • The Use of Skin Conductance Measurement for Identification of  Full Return to Baseline Wakefulness Post Trance

Future Research Concentration:

  • High Frequency (16Khz and above) Audio Stimulation and its Effect on Brain Wave Entrainment